Patients who have chronic renal failure may be familiar with the chronic kidney failure diet. This diet has become so popular nowadays due to the increasing cases of people with chronic renal failure. This diet for kidney failure when followed can help reduce the progression of your kidney disease.
Chronic renal failure is a result of progressive, irreversible loss of kidney function. It is generally a disease that slowly develops over months and years depending on the insult done to the kidneys and the extent of damage.
CRF has many causes including glumerolunephritis, nephrosclerosis, obstructive kidney diseases such as kidney stones and birth defects, diabetes mellitus and systemic lupus erythematosus, and most recently discovered illicit drugs and excessive analgesic use.
Regardless of the cause, the result will be the same: retention of nitrogenous wastes, fluid imbalances, electrolyte deficiencies and more. All of which affect multiple body systems.
It is vital to prevent progression of any kidney disease to chronic renal failure as this would eventually lead to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This is the stage where most Americans with kidney disease fear most.
The chronic kidney failure diet depends on the patients, treatment method, medical condition and nutritional status of the patient. The following should guide you about your specific regimen.
Dietary intervention is necessary with deterioration of renal function and includes careful regulation of your protein intake, fluid intake to balance fluid losses, sodium intake to balance sodium losses and some restriction of potassium. At the same time, adequate caloric intake and vitamin supplementation must be ensured.
The allowed protein intake that you consume must be of high biologic value (dairy products, eggs, meats). High biologic value proteins means those that are complete proteins and supply the essential amino acids necessary for growth and cell repair. There are many kidney disease diet out there that can also help you identify foods which are of high biologic value.
Usually, the fluid allowance is around 500 mL more than the previous day’s 24- hour urine output. Calories are supplied by carbohydrates and fat to prevent wasting. Vitamin supplementation is necessary because a protein-restricted diet does not provide the necessary complement of vitamins. Additionally, the patient on dialysis may lose water-soluble vitamins from the blood during the dialysis treatment.
Chronic kidney failure diet is so much more than what is stated above. It doesn’t end there. To emphasize it enough, it must be implemented as immediately as possible to prevent further damage to the patient’s kidneys.